In this article, News.co.nz’s psychiatrist and author of the popular book The Depressed Mind, Dr Peter Macnamara, explains what makes depression different to bipolar disorder and how it’s treated.
What is depression?
Depression is a chronic condition that can affect people from all walks of life.
It can include a wide range of symptoms including sadness, loss of interest in activities, and loss of appetite.
It also can affect your mental health in many ways including:Depression can cause people to feel depressed, anxious or irritable, and can even lead to suicide.
Depression also can cause physical and mental problems such as loss of confidence, poor mood, irritability and feelings of worthlessness.
In addition, depression can lead to feelings of isolation, loss or feelings of helplessness.
Depression affects people of all ages, genders and ethnicities.
Symptoms can vary depending on age, gender, and a variety of underlying health conditions.
For example, young people may be more likely to experience depression if they have mental health problems, and older people may experience more severe depression if their mental health is compromised.
People with depressive symptoms may also experience mood swings and become more anxious or depressed.
People who are depressed can also experience other mental health issues such as:Low mood or mood swings can affect a person’s mood or the quality of their day-to-day life.
Depressed people may find it hard to focus, think clearly, or act normally.
They may also have trouble staying focused on their tasks, social activities or even their work.
The moods and mood swings often last for a long time, meaning they can lead people to be less focused on activities and activities that need to be done, or feel overwhelmed.
The lack of focus and concentration may make it hard for people to take on other responsibilities.
They might also feel irritable or feel anxious.
It’s also important to note that a person with depression can be in a depressive episode, meaning that they are not always experiencing the symptoms but have a severe depressive episode that can last for weeks or even months.
The underlying cause of depression can include:The symptoms of depression often include:Anhedonia (lack of interest, boredom, or negative feelings)In addition to feelings like lack of motivation, depression also can be caused by:Physical problems, such as muscle aches, heart problems, arthritis, or joint pain, as well as emotional problems, like anger, fear or depression.
Depressive episodes may also affect your mood.
It may feel like you are in a bad mood, and the things you enjoy are often more difficult to do or do well.
For instance, people with depression may feel depressed more often when they are watching television, going to the gym, or going to work.
Some people with depressed moods may also find it difficult to get out of bed or go to work without feeling anxious, irritable and irritable.
People with depressive episodes may feel as though they are unable to cope with life.
They feel that life is not worth living, and they may be worried about their future.
Depressives may also develop thoughts of suicide or self-harm.
People can become suicidal and may also seek help from mental health professionals.
They can also be at increased risk of becoming involved in substance abuse, as a result of a family history of substance use or alcohol abuse.
The symptoms and moods of bipolar disorder are similar to depression but the underlying cause can be more severe.
Bipolar disorder is characterized by:Difficulty concentrating, remembering things, or being able to concentrate on tasks, especially work.